Fauvism. An early twentieth century art movement in France, where a group of artists characterized by their use of simplified forms and  bright colors. The leader of the group was Henri Matisse. The term "fauves", which means 'wild beasts' in French, was given to them because it was felt that they used intense colors in an uncontrolled and 'violent' way.

"Woman with a Hat (detail)" (1905) Henri Matisse.

Related Terms: Painting Art Styles and Schools.

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