Romanticism. An art movement and style that flourished from the late 18th to the mid-19th century. It emphasized the emotions, which were painted in a dramatic manner. Romanticism emphasized the individual, the subjective, the irrational, the imaginative, the personal, the spontaneous, the emotional, the visionary, and the transcendental, and can be seen as a rejection of the precepts of order, calm, harmony, balance, idealization, and rationality that typified Classicism in general and late 18th-century, Neoclassicism in particular. It was a reaction against 18th-century rationalism and physical materialism in general. The works of Delacroix and Turner are good examples.

"The Fighting 'Temeraire' tugged to her last berth to be broken up" (1838) Turner

Related Term: Painting Art Styles and Schools.

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