Romanticism. An art movement and style that flourished from the late 18th to the mid-19th century. It emphasized the emotions, which were painted in a dramatic manner. Romanticism emphasized the individual, the subjective, the irrational, the imaginative, the personal, the spontaneous, the emotional, the visionary, and the transcendental, and can be seen as a rejection of the precepts of order, calm, harmony, balance, idealization, and rationality that typified Classicism in general and late 18th-century, Neoclassicism in particular. It was a reaction against 18th-century rationalism and physical materialism in general. The works of Delacroix and Turner are good examples.