Cézanne, Paul (1839-1906) was born in Aix-en-Provence, France. He was one of the greatest of the Post-Impressionists, whose works and ideas were influential in the aesthetic development of many 20th-century artists and art movements, especially Cubism and Fauvism. Cézanne was a contemporary of the Impressionists, but he went beyond their interests in the individual brushstroke and the fall of light onto objects, to create, in his words "something more solid and durable, like the art of the museums".

 Cézanne, who exhibited little in his lifetime and pursued his interests increasingly in artistic isolation, is regarded today as one of the great forerunners of modern painting, both for the way that he evolved of putting down on canvas exactly what his eye saw in nature and for the qualities of pictorial form that he achieved through a unique treatment of space, mass, and color.


"The Bather" (1885-1887) Oil on canvas, 127 × 97 cm - 50 x 38 1/8 in. Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA.



"Harlequin" (1889-90) Oil on canvas, 92 × 65 cm - 36.2 x 25.6 in. National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C., USA.



"The Card Players" (early 1890s) Oil on canvas, 65.4 x 81.9 cm - 25 3/4 x 32 1/4 in. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA.



"The Overture to Tannhauser: The Artist's Mother and Sister" (1868) Oil on canvas. Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.



"Mount Sainte-Victoire and Château Noir" (1904-06) Oil on canvas, 65.6 x 81 cm - 25.8 x 31.9 in. Museum of Art, Philadelphia, USA.



"Still-life with Plate of Cherries" (1885-87) Oil on canvas, 58.1 x 68.9 cm - 22 14/16 x 27 in. Los Angeles County Museum of Art, USA.



"Portrait of Victor Chocquet" (1876-77) Oil on canvas, 46 × 36 cm - 18.1 x 14.2 in. Private collection.



"Self-portrait with Palette" (1885-87) Oil on canvas, 92.1 x 73 cm - 36 1/4 x 28 3/4 in. Collection the Artist's Family, Paris, France.

Text source: 'Webmuseum' (

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Related Terms: Post-Impressionism, Cubism, Fauvism, Impressionism.


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