Odilon

Redon


"My originality consists in putting the logic of the visible to the service of the invisible."

***

Redon, Odilon (1840-1916). French painter and graphic artist, one of the outstanding figures of Symbolism.

He had a retiring life, first in his native Bordeaux, then from 1870 in Paris, and until he was in his fifties he worked almost exclusively in black and white, in charcoal drawings and lithographs. In these he developed a highly distinctive repertoire of weird subjects (strange amoeboid creatures, insects, and plants with human heads and so on), influenced by the writings of Edgar Allen Poe. He remained virtually unknown to the public until the publication of J.K. Huysmans's celebrated novel A Rebours in 1884; the book's hero, a disenchanted aristocrat who lives in a private world of perverse delights, collects Redon's drawings, and with his mention in this classic expression of decadence, Redon too became associated with the movement.

During the 1890s Redon turned to painting and revealed remarkable powers as a colorist that had lain dormant. Much of his early life had been unhappy, but after undergoing a religious crisis in the early 1890s and a serious illness in 1894-95, he was transformed into a much more buoyant and cheerful personality, expressing himself in radiant colors in mythological scenes and flower paintings. He showed equal facility in oils and pastel. The flower pieces, in particular, were much admired by Matisse, and the Surrealists regarded Redon as one of their precursors. He was a distinguished figure by the end of his life, although still a very private person.


 

"The Cyclops" (circa 1914) Oil on canvas, 64 x 51 cm - 25.2 x 20 in. Museum Kroller-Mueller, Otterlo, The Netherlands.

"Beatrice" (1885) Pastel over charcoal, 34.5 x 30 cm - 13.6 x 11.8 in. Private collection.

"Large Green Vase with Mixed Flowers" (circa 1912) Pastel on paper, 74.3 x 62.2 cm - 29 1/4 x 24 1/4 in. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, USA.

"Flowers" (circa 1903) Oil on canvas, 66 x 54.5 cm - 26 x 21.5 in. Kunstmuseum St. Gallen, Switzerland .

"Ophelia" (circa 1900-05) Pastel on paper mounted on board, 50.5 x 67.3 cm - 19 7/8 x 26 1/2 in. Private collection.

"Flower Clouds" (circa 1903) Pastel, 44.5 x 54.2 cm - 17 1/2 x 21 5/16 in. The Art Institute of Chicago, USA.

"Red Boat with Blue Sail" (1906-07) Oil on canvas, 54 x 73 cm - 21 1/4 x 28 3/4 in. Private collection.


Text source: 'Webmuseum' (www.ibiblio.org/wm).

Related Artists:

   

Related Terms: Symbolism, Lithography, Pastel.

 

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