Ribera, Jusepe (also Josep, José and Giuseppe) de (1588-1656) was a Spanish Baroque painter also known as 'Lo Spagnoletto', or the 'Little Spaniard'. He was one of the most important figures in European painting in the 17th century. Though Spanish, he spent his entire career in Italy, and his evolution reflected developments in Italian art at that time.

Ribera was born in Xativa, in Spain. His parents intended him for a literary or learned career, but he neglected the regular studies and entered the school of the Spanish painter Francisco Ribalta. Later, longing to study art in Italy, he traveled to Rome where at first studied chiefly from Raphael.

The pictorial style of Ribera was extremely powerful. His earlier one, shows the influence of Caravaggio and Correggio. Along with his massive and predominating shadows, he retained from first to last great strength of local coloring. The impression of his works is gloomy and startling. Ribera delighted in subjects of horror, but he was equally capable of great tenderness, and his work is remarkable for his feeling for individual humanity. He laid the foundation of that respect for the dignity of the individual which was so important a feature of Spanish art from Velázquez to Goya.

 Ribera made several male portraits, included his own one. He also produced twenty-six etchings and drew a number of elementary designs for the use of his pupils. These drawings were etched by Francisco Fernandez, and were much in vogue for a long time among Spanish and French painters and students.

Ribera died peaceably and wealthy in Naples in 1656. His reputation has remained high, and until the Napoleonic Wars he and Murillo were virtually the only Spanish painters who were widely known outside their native country.


"Martyrdom of St Philip" (1639) Oil on canvas, 234 x 234 cm - 92.1 x 92.1 in. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.



"Saint Onufri" (1637) Oil on canvas. Hermitage, St Petersburg, Russian Federation.



"St Jerome" (1637) Oil on canvas, 102 x 128.5 cm - 3' 4.16" x 4' 2.59". Galleria Doria-Pamphili, Rome, Italy.



"Apollo Flaying Marsyas" Oil on canvas. Public collection.



"Saint Paul" Oil on canvas, 97 x 120 cm - 3' 2.19" x 3' 11.24". Private collection.



"Diogenes" (1637) Oil on canvas, 76 x 61 cm - 29.9 x 24 in. Gemäldegalerie, Dresden, Germany.



"Archimedes" (1630) Oil on canvas, 125 x 81 cm - 49.2 x 31.9 in. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.,



"The Martyrdom of Saint Bartholomew" (1634) Oil on canvas, 104 x 113 cm - 40 15/16 x 44 1/2 in. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., USA.



"Clubfooted Boy" (1642) Oil on canvas, 164 x 92 cm - 64.6 x 36.2 in. Musée du Louvre, Paris, France.



"St John the Baptist in the Desert" (1644-47) Oil on canvas, 184 x 198 cm - 72.4 x 78 in. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.

Text source: unkown.

Related Artists:

Related Terms: Baroque, Etching.


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